In December 2014, the Ohio legislature unanimously passed a bill requiring law enforcement agencies to submit previously untested rape kits connected with open investigations to a crime lab for testing within one year. The new law, Senate Bill No. 316 also requires that going forward, law enforcement send any newly collected kit connected with an investigation to a crime lab for testing within 30 days. The lab is to complete an analysis as soon as possible.
The law follows years of reform in Ohio that began in December 2011, when Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine established the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Testing Initiative. Through the initiative he asked law enforcement departments to send previously untested rape kits to the Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) for testing, at no cost to the departments. As of November 1, 2014, BCI had received 8,987 untested kits from 149 law enforcement agencies. As of January 1, 2015, BCI had tested 5,928, resulting in 2,244 matches in the national DNA database and 204 criminal indictments in Cuyahoga County alone. Nearly half of the submitted kits came from Cleveland.
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According to the Akron Beacon Journal, as of February 2014, Akron submitted more than 1,000 rape kits for testing. From those kits, there were at least 92 matches in the national DNA database.
In 2009, the Cincinnati Police Department had 1,248 rape kits in storage but did not know whether or not they had been tested. As part of the SAK Testing Initiative, the Department sent 338 untested kits to BCI. As of September 2013, testing on those kits yielded 87 DNA matches.
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