evidence

The evidence that is collected is preserved in a sexual assault evidence kit, commonly referred to as a "rape kit".

lab

Many law enforcement precincts and crime labs have a large number of untested kits at their facilities.

labs

It is estimated that there are hundreds of thousands of untested rape kits across the United States.

Reason #1

Members of law enforcement do not believe a crime occurred.

Reason #2

Members of law enforcement believe a crime occurred, but decide not to investigate further.

Reason #3

Members of law enforcement believe that testing isn't necessary because the victim knew the perpetrator (commonly referred to as "acquaintance rape").

Reason #3

Members of law enforcement believe that testing isn't necessary because the victim knew the perpetrator (commonly referred to as "acquaintance rape").

Reason #4

Members of law enforcement lack the resources or personnel needed to test the kit.

Reason #5

The crime lab lacks resources or personnel needed to test the kit.

National studies have shown that cases in which a rape kit was collected, tested and contained DNA evidence are more likely to result in arrests and prosecutions.

When New York City eliminated its rape kit backlog, its arrest rate for rape jumped from 40% to 70%.

Detroit has linked crimes to 100 serial rapists from testing just the first 14% of its backlogged kits.

How big is the backlog where you live?

Though experts estimate that there are hundreds of thousands of untested kits in police and crime lab storage facilities throughout the country, there is no comprehensive, national data on the nature and scope of the rape kit backlog. Few state governments and no federal agencies track this data. Across cities and counties, there are vast differences in the way law enforcement officials track and report rape kit data, if at all, making it exceedingly difficult to compare data and to have a national picture of the backlog.
But here's what we do know.

map
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X

Wyoming

Wyoming
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Wyoming
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

West Virginia

West Virginia
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

X

Washington

Washington
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

X

Vermont

Vermont
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Vermont
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

South Dakota

South Dakota
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for South Dakota
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Rhode Island

Rhode Island
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

X

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

Proposed Reforms

X

North Dakota

North Dakota
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

X

North Carolina

North Carolina
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

X

New Hampshire

New Hampshire
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for New Hampshire
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Nebraska

Nebraska
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Nebraska
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Montana

Montana
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Montana
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Mississippi

Mississippi
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Mississippi
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Maine

Maine
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Maine
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Idaho

Idaho
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Idaho
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Hawaii

Hawaii
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

X

Delaware

Delaware
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

Backlog News & Events for Delaware
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Connecticut

Connecticut
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

No Reforms

X

Fort Lauderdale

Fort Lauderdale
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

X

Tallahassee

Tallahassee
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

Backlog News & Events for Tallahassee
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Newark

Newark
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

Backlog News & Events for Newark
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Reno

Reno
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

Backlog News & Events for Reno
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Honolulu

Honolulu
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

X

Oklahoma City

Oklahoma City
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

X

Milwaukee

Milwaukee
size

Backlog Size

2,655*

status

Backlog Status

Comprehensive Count

reform

Reform Status

X

Miami

Miami
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

X

Jacksonville

Jacksonville
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

X

Charlotte

Charlotte
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

Backlog News & Events for Charlotte
See More

ENDTHEBACKLOG.org has not identified any news specific to this location. To advocate for greater transparency, click here

X

Philadelphia

Philadelphia
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

X

Seattle

Seattle
size

Backlog Size

1,276*

status

Backlog Status

Counting in Progress

reform

Reform Status

X

Birmingham

Birmingham
size

Backlog Size

?

status

Backlog Status

Unknown

reform

Reform Status

Map Key

Statewide Reform Enacted Statewide Reform Proposed
No State Reform, Limited Backlog Info No State Reform, No Backlog Info

what can I do to get involved?

ENDTHEBACKLOG Updates

Our Mission

ENDTHEBACKLOG is a program of the Joyful Heart Foundation to shine a light on the backlog of untested rape kits throughout the United States. Our goal is to end this injustice by conducting groundbreaking research identifying the extent of the nation’s backlog and best practices for eliminating it, expanding the national dialogue on rape kit testing through increased public awareness, engaging communities and government agencies and officials and advocating for comprehensive rape kit reform legislation and policies at the local, state and federal levels. We urge you to learn more about the backlog, where it exists and why it matters. We invite you to take action and support efforts to test rape kits. Help us send the message that we must take rape seriously.

The Latest Backlog Updates On Twitter

Take Action

Advocate For Change
You can help us end the backlog. Advocate and help us spread the word.

 

 

Support Our Efforts
Your financial support allows us to do this work. Please consider making a donation by clicking here.

Featured Information

When tested, DNA is one of the most powerful tools we have to solve and prevent crime. Read more about it here.

 

As states and local jurisdictions have begun to process previously untested rape kits and take steps toward eliminating their backlogs, the question has remained of how to re-engage survivors whose cases are often years—sometimes decades—old. Read more about victim notification.

 

Every state has a codified set of legal rights for crime victims, often called a "victims’ bill of rights." Learn about these rights here.

Want to keep up with backlog news?

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